It is easy to overlook the life under sea ice in the Antarctic, but as climate warms, sea ice will diminish and so will the growth of algae that depends on it
It is the juxtaposition of the land and sea that makes estuaries so productive
Like rising sea-level and more acidic seawater, warmer ocean temperatures will extract an economic cost
Like booze, sex and profanity, plastics have become a sin.
The controversial Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Refuge is an attempt to maintain some shelter for endangered marine organisms.
When large nets are used to capture desirable species, there is often “bycatch” of undesirable species that are often thrown back into the water.
The average U.S. citizen is responsible for 16 tons of CO2 added to the atmosphere each year and nearly 50 square meters of sea-ice loss.
Humans appropriate about 40% of all terrestrial plant production for various purposes
if we added iron to a large area of the world’s oceans, we could dramatically lower the level of carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere.
All this argues for the electric utility companies to spend far less money planning natural-gas and nuclear-fired power plants and far more on wind mills and improvements to the grid