since 2016, wildfire smoke has reversed what had been a downward trend in PM 2.5 concentrations across the U.S.
With the onset of climate change, entirely new groupings of species are expected, with no likelihood that they have a past history of cooccurrence.
Replacing old forests with young forests to increase carbon sequestration is a fool’s errand.
When we manipulate one component of an ecosystem, such as predators, unknown consequences show up…
We pay close attention to human disease, but we let the global transport of exotic species, pests, and pathogens proceed with little notice.
Overall, the energy used in BECCS adds about 30% to the carbon emissions to the atmosphere from burning biomass directly.
When these forests are cleared, the lower rates of transpiration may lead to permanent reductions in regional rainfall, and slow recovery of the forest.
if we are serious about mitigating climate change, we must shift our attention to sources of energy that emit no greenhouse gases to the atmosphere
The shape and volume—not just area—of trees growing in a forest creates an added dimension to the ecological and evolutionary setting.
In the short-term, forests harvested for biomass energy actually put more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than burning fossil fuels,